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Uprisings of Poland

Poland for 123 years was under foreign rule. During this time the Poles often seized a weapon against invaders. These outbursts are called uprisings. Polish lands came to the following uprisings:

Kosciuszko Insurrection (1794) - The first Polish national uprising against Russia and Prussia. After the defeat of Polish-Russian war in 1792 the Republic was occupied by Russian troops.

The insurrection began on 12 March 1794, when Gen. Anthony Madaliński refused to submit to a reduction. He set out from Ostrołęka and went towards Krakow. Ended on 16 November 1794, when the last troops from the Russians was surrendered in Radoszyce. But the fight still lasted until mid-December in some areas of Poland.

The November Uprising (Polish-Russian War 1830-1831) - Polish national uprising against Russia, which erupted on the night of November 29 to November 30, 1830, and ended on October 21, 1831. It took the Polish Kingdom and part of the province “picked up” (Lithuania, and Volhynia Samogitia).

To fall of the uprising and war largely contributed non-believers in the possibility of victory and basically loyal towards the Tsar aristocratic political leaders.

The Cracow Uprising (from 21 February to 4 March 1846 year) - an attempt to create a national uprising under the slogans of democracy, taken in Cracow. Cracow uprising in 1846, is the only Polish uprising against the three occupants at the same time: Russia, Prussia and Austria.

Not only in the plans but also in practice and because they were formally called "welfare states" the Republic of Cracow. For the insurgent fighting, armed clashes and instances occurred in Krakow and Galicia, Wielkopolska and the Congress Kingdom and so on all three partitions.

January Uprising - it was the largest Polish national uprising against Russia. Broke out on January 22, 1863 in the Polish Kingdom and 1 February 1863 in the former Grand Duchy of the Lithuanian lasted until autumn 1864. Was due to the growing Russian state terror which spread on Polish lands. Covered areas of the Polish Kingdom, Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine, to a lesser extent also supported by the Polish population of the Prussian and Austrian partitions. The January Uprising was completed of the military defeat of the Poles in 1865

Finally after 123 years without independence Poland became a Free Nation at 1918.